A coupled órgano en bean shape, reddish-brown, about 150 to 200 g weight. The kidney is also called, 4711 de órganos, Because cerco duración a of Promedio de 11 cm, width of about 6 cm and the thickness is usually about 2.5 cm morir. The kidneys are the arranged below membranas enlaces and right of the spine and move with the agreement s breathing from 2 to 3 cm up and down.
The tasks of the kidney are diverse. About the production of urine, the kidneys MAJOR shift our fluid balance. Our regulate sodium levels (low-salt diet for kidney damage), our acid-base balance chemical , our blood pressure. Through the manufacture of planned parenthood (chemical messengers) that are involved in the control of renal calcium balance production and the red blood cells. To be constantly these diverse tasks, morir kidney Minuto any who. By a quarter of our blood On the day morir kidneys produce about primary urine, from the complex by and FILTRACION concentration leads processes, ultimately morir 1.5 to 2 litros de urine excreted de 200 litros.
These diverse tasks are to meet, are the kidneys from about 1 millón de Modo called glomérulos, highly specialized Filtro organs, connected by small channels numerous and collecting tubes each.
Due cerquero complicated history has morir kidney A wealth of special shapes. Mesonefros forms the evolving embriones en migrates to the pelvic region and then, turning and ureters herziehend behind HIM. In the Posición below membranas In this way, many to ES cause problems. Results are people with kidney Doble (two kidney on one side), single kidney (a kidney only developed), horseshoe kidney (grow rénale together and cross in front of the spine), lack Turned Renal (Kidney, whose front or back non stomach show spine of the place).
The best way to initially classify the make kidney disease rough:
Renal impairment: A sudden or gradual onset non renal failure
Tumors (malignant or benign) and cysts (fluid retention in the kidney)
Inflammation of the kidney, renal pelvis and urinary tract
The small filter units of the kidney are very sensitive to changes. Así hypertension or urine residue of stone or enlarged prostate can cause considerable damage to the Filtro. Several drugs (especially painkillers) and lead to diabetes constipation Renal. The consequence for the patient: The amount of urine from, mueren urine color Andert, it can water in the body (edema) and itchy skin cause come. En total loss of function regularly blood by hemodialysis (dialysis) must be cleaned from the resulting toxins.
The malignant kidney tumor is rare and is usually discovered by accident. Complaints (pain, bleeding) only come in spades fase. Kidney tumors about 1-2% of malignant tumors account for, which is focus of occurrence at the age of 60 men are about twice por lo be affected often as women. One particular is the form-Wilms tumor, only the appearance in children. Risk factors in adults smoke and are heavy metals (lead, níquel, cadmio) An increased incidence after renal pelvis stones are described.
Renal cysts are benign accumulations of water and around the s kidney tissue, mueren s about 40% of patients can be detected. Only s rare caído is a del treatment necessary morir Most cysts require only del Regular ultrasound guidance.
Polycystic Kidney Disease:
This is an inherited disorder del that accompanies the lead by numerous cysts renal and destroy the affected kidney. The disease occurs One or both sides, mueren occur sooner or later a dialysis treatment occurrence bilatérale or a kidney transplant.
Kidney stones are crystalline structures mueren generally en el foso chalices starts forming. Their composition is different, genetic predisposition is possible. Conducive are inadequate fluid intake, poor nutrition and immobility (eg several weeks disc problems, bone fracture, etc.). Approximately 60% of patients develop selected stones. En about 15% of the stones Drug therapy is possible, but many stones can also by ultrasonic waves and then smashed flushed.
Here are two sets of separate inflammation: by bacterial pielonefritis and usually as a result of immunological processes del nefritis glomerulonefritis or Runs. Bacterial pielonefritis is very painful and is of fever, accompanied chills and blood in the urine. Strict bed rest, a proper hydration and Antibiotiques be prescribed. is the extra tough assessment and analysis of glomerulonefritis, a condition that after a number of other, mostly harmless infections such amigdalitis or La otites can occur médias. After exclusion, a del bacterial cause here is the nephrologist active, the internal medicine kidney specialist generally well dialysis is working departments.