What is cardiovascular malady (heart disease, cardiovascular disease)
Blood flows from the heart through the left side of the heart, which is rich in oxygen. The blood flows through the arteries and arteries to small capillaries called blood vessels of all organs and body parts.
After the blood through the body with oxygen and nutrients and waste out of the cells of the body, blood flows through the veins of the right side of the heart. This system is called the cardiovascular system. Literally “Cardio” means heart, while the “vascular” a network of vessels directions. include cardiovascular disease cardiovascular diseases, it is a disease of the heart and blood vessels. Due to the cardiovascular system is essential, cardiovascular health is very dangerous. There are many types of cardiovascular disease, but the most common and best known is heart disease and stroke. In many cases, heart attack, new heart defects discovered. Here are some of the most common types of cardiovascular disease.
Coronary heart disease coronary heart disease (CHD) is caused by a narrowing of the arteries that feed the heart muscle. These blood vessels called coronary arteries. Atherosclerosis is the major cause of coronary artery disease. Atherosclerosis is the hardening and narrowing of the coronary arteries by forming plates (bark) and constipation. Coronary heart disease caused by risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, scorching, obesity, diabetes, physical inactivity (idle), age and heredity.
Congenital heart defects
Heart disease is caused by abnormalities of the heart or the formation of abnormal cardiac structures at birth. This could occur because of heredity or other factors. risk factors for congenital heart disease in other mothers with drugs, alcohol, experiencing illness or maternal malnutrition. Risk factors that can lead to birth defects, one of which can cause the baby has a heart defect.
stroke (stroke stroke) occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. This may be due to blood vessels in the brain is blocked or broken. People at risk of stroke have high blood pressure, has a rhythm of heart rhythm problems, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes and the elderly.
Congestive heart failure (congestive heart failure)
feeling failure occurs when the heart muscle does not pump blood through the blood vessels. People who are at risk of heart failure among others who have high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmias suffer heart attacks, obesity, etc.
Peripheral arterial disease (peripheral vascular disease)
(Peripheral arterial occlusive disease, PVD) or peripheral vascular disease, peripheral material disease (peripheral arterial disease, peripheral arterial disease) affects the arms and legs. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, diabetes, inactivity, aging and heredity.
Venous disease (deep vein thrombosis)
Disease in the veins (deep vein thrombosis, DVT) is the occurrence of blood clots in the leg veins that cause foot pain and can not move. These blood clots can migrate heart and lungs, causing life-threatening complications. The risk factors for this disease are long surgery, trauma, obesity, cancer, new baby, swallow contraceptive use, hormone replacement therapy, etc. This rheumatic heart disease occurs because of damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever (rheumatic fever). Rheumatic fever is caused by streptococcal bacterial infection.
Other cardiovascular diseases
There are several types of other cardiovascular diseases, but rarely occurs that the blood vessels in the tumor, an aneurysm in the brain blood vessels, cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, pericarditis, aortic aneurysm, etc. .