Jakarta – If the contents of the baby’s stomach were in the chest cavity, you might think? diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect because the hole in the diaphragm muscle, the stomach contents can result in the chest cavity.
Diaphragm is a respiratory muscle that separates the abdominal cavity with the thoracic cavity. This disorder occurs due to a malfunction in the membrane during development of the baby during pregnancy. exact cause growth disorders is not known with certainty, but there are theories that connect these birth defects with insecticides (insecticide), some of the mother during pregnancy consumed drugs, and lack of vitamin A when the woman pregnant.
Membrane both sides, ie the left and right sides. This disorder diaphragmatic hernia on the left side (87persen), right (11persen) or on both sides. Otherwise survive on both sides of the normal infant.
pervasive developmental disorder of the membrane occurs when the fetus is in the development of the lung structure. The contents of the abdominal cavity caused in the thoracic cavity, the lung development is also changed. These anomalies may be detected by ultrasound during pregnancy the fetus. You can in your intestines or other abdominal contents into the chest of the baby and amniotic fluid volume to see which is more than normal (polyhydramnios).
If you think this disorder, which is more research and consulting parents about the possibilities that can happen to your unborn child. Some 10-50persen newborns with congenital anomalies other birth defects, such as congenital heart disease, airway structure, innervation and so on accompany. If sufficiently serious birth defect, the fetus may die in utero.
Patients with diaphragmatic hernia usually experience symptoms of breathlessness. These symptoms may occur in newborn babies, but may also occur more than 24 hours after birth. In mild cases, can not even this disorder does not cause symptoms of shortness of breath, and was discovered at the age of the child, because the examination CXR for the diagnosis of other diseases.
Symptoms may include shortness of breath and rapid breathing, breathing muscle work that looks more normal, and are accompanied by pale or bluish. requires research is the chest X-ray to make, you can display an image of the intestine or other abdominal contents into the chest cavity. Sometimes other controls, such as echocardiography, to see if other birth defects in children born with the disease is necessary.
Birth defects requires a comprehensive and intensive treatment of pediatric surgeons, pediatrician, anesthetist, intensive care nurse, and Perinatology / USIP enough pediatric facilities. Early diagnosis by ultrasound during pregnancy can help parents to this type of facility to prepare for the birth in a hospital, the full and early treatment can be administered to the disease in children.
In babies born with the condition and the patient perform resuscitation given in case of need the help of a ventilator equipment. X-ray examination, laboratory and so on are performed to monitor the patient in general. Patients are then stabilized and conditions of perinatal / pediatric intensive care unit can be improved and stabilized when the state of the operation can be done, it closes the hole in the membrane. Therefore, diaphragmatic hernia abnormality condition is a condition that can be corrected in most cases.