As with the other parent, you probably fantasize middle of a small child to get healthy, and not worry if your child has some health problems. Or you need tests to ensure that said the child was born with birth defects possibility.
Some parents believe that the disorder is severe or fatal congenital, but in fact, immediately after the baby is born many genetic diseases that can be treated – and others can be treated before the baby is born.
The main thing is that you understand congenital disease of infants and existing risk factors, which are not, you must learn to understand how genetic diseases should be avoided. Another fact you should know is born with birth defects, most babies have a father and mother are healthy.
Is anomaly or congenital defects?
Birth defects or congenital anomalies are defined as anomalies (anomalies) that have occurred in the structure, function or body metabolism that occurs at birth. Bawan aberrations caused mainly by a physical or developmental disabilities and need medical or surgical treatment. There are more than 4,000 kinds of hereditary diseases are known, ranging from mild to severe, and although many, that may be treated or not birth defects, is the leading cause of death in children under 1 year.
Birth defects can be caused by genetic factors, environmental and other factors that are unknown. congenital disorder generally believed to be caused by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors.
Structural abnormalities – metabolic disorders
They are structural or metabolic disorders diseases in which a missing advice given or formed products without noramal. Congenital metabolism caused by a problem in the disorder of body chemistry. Activity structural abnormality is the most common heart defect that occurs in 1 of every 150 babies. Another common fault structure are spina bifida, cleft palate and abnormalities of the hip dislocation.
Disorder causes congenital infection
Disorder caused congenital infection occurs when the mother is infected before or during pregnancy. Infections that can cause birth defects is rubella (German measles), cytomegalovirus (CMV), syphilis, toxoplasmosis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, parvovirus and varicella (rare).
If the mother is infected during early pregnancy, rubella is a disease with a high risk of birth defects can cause (20%). But with the vaccination against rubella, infection is rare. CMV is the most common cause of congenital infection, and can cause mental retardation (lack of mental), and lack of hearing.
Other causes of birth defects, including mothers who consume alcohol. Although some can drugs such as medicines against epilepsy have mentioned the increased risk of certain birth defects, but specifically in the rule for a particular patient medication are not a significant risk of birth defects.
The causes of birth defects
Babies with birth defects born to parents who usually have no health problems or risk factors. A mother is usually suggests something by your doctor to do to have a healthy child and still be able to have children with birth defects.
In fact, about 60% of children with congenital abnormalities penyababnya unknown. The rest is believed to be due to genetic or environmental factors, and in part a combination of both.
Genetics play a role in some birth defects. Each cell in the human body of chromosomes containing genes, the characteristics of each person menentukkan. The presence of a gene is missing or wrong may cause birth defects; Does it matter if you look from the perspective of where we about 25,000 genes in a cell menentukkan have everything, until the color of our eyes go finger length.
Which genes come?
A child pairs of chromosomes (ten after his father and mother again). Sometimes it happens, diseases or disorders, if only one parent to transmit the disease genes (although these children a normal gene from the other parent to inherit); that can disebbut dominant hereditary and congenital abnormalities such as achondroplasia (a form of dwarf forms) and Marfan syndrome (a condition that the hands are the properties of their fingers and toes is far from normal) cause.
Certain specific congenital malformation occurs only when both parents are healthy inherits the same disease gene that your child is problematic; This is called recessive. circumstances may occur in the Tay-Sachs disease or cystic fibrosis.
In addition, children can inherit certain diseases that are transmitted by her mother. This disorder, which includes conditions such as hemophilia and color blindness, the so-called X-linked because the genes that transmit the disease is on the X chromosome
The number or structure of chromosomes can cause birth defects. Errors that may terjai in the formation of the egg or sperm cause a baby is in excess or damage born with a chromosomal deficiency. Congenital abnormalities that cause chromosomal problems include Down syndrome. Terjadinay risk of birth defects generally increases with maternal age.
The environment as a cause of birth defects
Environment can cause birth defects, for example, if the health of the mother is altered or chemicals and certain diseases occur presentation. If a mother some infections (eg, viral) and during pregnancy can cause birth defects. The alcohol is consumed during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol simdrom and certain medications that can cause consumed by the mother during pregnancy birth defects.
Other causes of birth defects
Another factor that can cause a combination of genetic and environmental factors, including birth defects. The disease caused by congenital heart defects that combination, neural tube defects and cleft lip and cleft palate.
Although it should take measures to prevent the occurrence of birth defects, but the disease may have no history of birth defects in your family even if you and your partner.