Congenital heart disease or cardiovascular disease type Compartmentalization heart defects that occur as a result of congenital heart disease, this happens because of the formation of imperfect heart in the womb. of health research shows the number of congenital heart disease in 8-10 1,000 live births occurring. about one in a hundred births.
With the evolution of technology, medicine and surgery, most children can be cured born with congenital heart disease have a long life, a normal life can have. congenital heart disease, but the disease usually have a long effect on the health of children and pentauan need lifelong health.
In adults, heart disease remains the leading cause of death, only the first in the world in general in industrialized countries and in developing countries. This is not only because innate, but received after the age adult as its duration. high risk factors such as lifestyle also affected.
HEART OF BIRTH
congenital heart disease as a result of the formation of an imperfect heart for the formation of the fetus. The heart of children begins with increasing gestational age to grow from the first moment of conception and continue to form at the age of 4 weeks of pregnancy early pregnancy accurately.
Congenital heart defects can be:
– Heart Defects Sruktur,
– Kejantung blockage of blood vessels in the heart or a child empties
– Abnormalities of the heart valves, is a septal wall that separates the left and right heart
– Obstruction prolapse heart valve and the mitral valve
– The narrowing of the aortic valve
– A hole in the septum between the heart valves children
– Control Abnormal heart and blood vessels
Congenital heart defects can have a single or a combination of more than one issue can trigger a complex congenital heart disease. This heart disease is the most common structural heart disease in children.
Types of congenital heart disease
There are many types of congenital heart disease, but based diet symptoms of congenital heart disease were divided into two main types, namely non cyanotic and cyanotic.
- cyanotic congenital heart disease
This species is a species that bluish due to insufficient supply of oxygen symptoms show by the body, usually appears bluish skin and the end of the body or mucous membranes such as the mouth and tongue
- cyanotic congenital heart disease is not
Symptoms of heart failure not cyanotic type or types of bluish, but show are dyspnea usually lasts several organs such as swelling of the face, legs, arms and abdomen occurs.
Other interesting items:
The types of heart disease, which often happens,
Types of heart disease in children, and congenital heart disease.
The signs and symptoms of congenital heart disease
Signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects are usually immediately visible some time after the baby is, or the age of the child born in the early years, but does not even appear in most cases, the signs and symptoms children are grown.
Upon delivery of the circulation of respiratory and blood of newborn fetus will move to the postnatal period. because symptoms of congenital heart disease in new slightly more difficult to detect and to a series of carefully monitored for disease.
Symptoms also refers to how many experience levels of cardiac abnormalities, symptoms usually congenital difficulty breathing heart disease, tendengar unusual sounds and heart sounds, the bluish skin, lips, mouth and nails sebagia sign of lack of oxygen, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat and heart rate, less weight and growth retardation, and recurrent lung infections.
If the above symptoms, some doctors doing research / diagnostic tests. It comprises Enchocardiogram, chest X-ray, MRI, testing and analysis of blood chromosomes.
Causes of congenital heart disease
For the exact cause is unknown, but there are several risk factors that can cause a variety of congenital heart defects. Among other things:
– The influence of genetics, a mother with the disease, which affects children in great danger.
– Exposure to cigarette smoke during pregnancy
– The consumption of certain types of medications such as lithium and anticonvulsants during pregnancy
– The influence of diabetes mellitus in pregnant women
– The presence of infections during pregnancy, such as rubella
– Because of anemia among pregnant women
– Chromosomal abnormalities such as Down’s syndrome, Turner’s syndrome
– His lack of nutrition during pregnancy affects fetal development
Treatment of congenital heart disease
Treatment of congenital heart disease is based on the severity of the disease, mild heart failure require no treatment, but at a level that is heavier, can with various medications and require further surgery to treat. Some conditions may require surgery.
In some children suffering from congenital heart disease followed lifelong health problems may require heart. The measures and procedures commonly performed surgery, cardiac catheterization procedures for congenital heart disease, medications and even in the most serious cases require a heart transplant.