Otis media is an infection that occurs in the middle ear. This is the space behind the eardrum, in which there are three small bones that captures the mood and transmitted to the inner ear. This condition is also known as inflammation of the middle ear.
Everyone can experience otitis media, but the condition is more common in children under 10 and children 6-15 months. An estimated 25 percent of children were under the age of 10 otitis media.
Otis media is one of the most common causes of ear pain. These are the signs and symptoms that can occur in children:
Often interesting, exciting, and scratched his ear.
I will not eat.
irritable or moody.
Do not react quietly and slowly.
difficult to sleep at night.
Symptoms in adults and children are older when otitis media patients the onset of pain in the ears and hearing loss. Infection with this pain occurs in inflammation and fluid buildup in the middle ear due.
The causes of otitis media
Most cases occur due to the occurrence of otitis media because of a condition of viral or bacterial infection.This causes the accumulation of mucus or the mucosa of the middle ear. The function of the middle ear transmit sound to the inner ear by the vibration of the three small bones in it.
Eustaquio channel that serves the tube, the air in the middle ear, the children are smaller than adults canal. Therefore, children are more susceptible to this infection, making them more prone to otitis media.
The treatment of otitis
Most cases of otitis media not require treatment by a physician. This condition heals itself in a few days. Here are some signs you should be aware of and the need for medical treatment, namely:
The symptoms do not improve. After three days
feel a sharp pain in the ear.
It pus or ear fluid.
a congenital disease, such as cystic fibrosis or derived from heart disease, you or the kids which makes them more vulnerable to complications.
The treatment is useful for relieving pain and fever occur. A drug that is given as the analgesic acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can be the same function.
To resolve otitis media caused by bacteria, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics. This medicine will be given if symptoms suffered or hard enough.
Prevention of otitis media
Here are some steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of otitis media:
Keep smoke or smoke in children environments far environments.
make the last vaccination in children, particularly the pneumococcal vaccine and DTP / IPV / Hib.
breastfeeding instead of formula prioritize.
Avoid direct contact with children who are ill or infectious.
do not eat the children when they are.
After the children 6-12 months who give no point to them.
Some of the above is only done in order to reduce the risk of otitis media because there is no way that can be done to prevent otitis media.
The complications of otitis media
Although rare, this condition can cause complications, but if it happens, treatment complications can be very dangerous and immediate antibiotic should be given in the hospital. Here are some of the complications that arise as a result of otitis media.
labyrinthitis. The spread of infection in the inner ear.
mastoiditis. The spread of infection in the bone behind the ear.
meningitis. The spread of infection of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord or meninges.