Laryngeal cancer is a tumor develops in the throat and pharynx, larynx, or grow almonds. Such as cancers of the mouth and tongue, most of the patients experienced this type of throat cancer is squamous cell carcinoma.
if based on the location of the gap or attacks, this cancer can be categorized into different types. These are:
nasopharyngeal cancer (upper throat behind the nose).
eat pharynx (the middle part of the throat behind the tongue).
hypopharynx (lower neck).
larynx (voice box).
The symptoms of laryngeal cancer
Symptoms of throat cancer can be varied and are not the same in all patients. Some characters are usually experienced by patients are as follows:
is difficult to swallow.
earache or ringing.
lumps, which can not be improved.
weight loss for no apparent reason.
swelling of the eyes, jaw, throat or neck.
The symptoms of throat cancer should be similar to other problems so difficult to identify, as a rule health. Therefore, we must remain vigilant and check-up, if certain indications symptoms.Especially better or worse get a feeling.
Causes and risk factors for throat cancer
All that is due to mutations in cancer cells. Mutations which activate the uncontrolled cell growth. That’s what happened with throat cancer.
The reason behind the process of mutation is not known with certainty. However, there are several factors that increase the risk that a person with throat cancer, such as age, lifestyle and illnesses.
the risk of throat cancer increases with age person. This type of cancer usually occurs in more than 60 years.
The possibility that the development of throat cancer is also closely related to unhealthy lifestyles. Some examples:
use of snuff, either cigarettes or chewing.
an excess of alcohol.
Eat less fruit and vegetables.
In addition, there are certain diseases that can be a trigger factor for throat cancer. Examples of HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus), and disorders of the stomach or GERD.
Throat cancer diagnosis and phase
a physical examination of the patient at an early stage of diagnosis, the doctor asks symptoms, medical history and perform. When suffering from throat cancer is suspected, a detailed inspection to confirm the type of diagnosis.Further generally falling within the direct examination is recommended for:
Endoscopic or laryngoscopy.
The tissue sample or biopsy.
Analysis ultrasound, X-ray, CT, MRI, and PET. This test is used to determine the propagation velocity of cancer of the throat.
Specify the frequency and phase of the disease, which has been hit, it will help doctors determine the stage of processing that occur. This type of cancer is divided into step 1, step 4. The explanation is as follows:
Step 1: The tumor is small (7 cm or less), and only a part of the neck lace.
Step 2: The tumor is larger, but has not spread through the neck and / or lymphatic site.
Step 3: The cancer has spread outside the tissue or organs, but close to the throat and / or lymphatic spot.
the cancer has spread outside the tissues or organs in the neck and / or lymphatic spot :. Step 4
Treatment of throat cancer
Each Party may require a different treatment. To determine the best method of treatment depends on the age and health of the patient, location of tumor growth, as well as the stage of the cancer itself.
Detection and treatment as early as possible is an essential part of all cancers in the treatment of throat cancer. Some of the measures can usually be carried out the will of man, includes radiotherapy, surgery, chemotherapy and biological therapies. The cancer is at an advanced stage usually requires a combination of four methods.
If the cancer is at an early stage, sometimes radiation therapy was effective ,. As in dealing with advanced cancer, radiation therapy, experienced in the treatment of symptoms has been made to reduce it.
Radiation therapy is sometimes used in combination with chemotherapy, since there are a variety of chemotherapy drugs, radiotherapy in order to increase the sensitivity of cancer cells to the process. This process combines the possible side effects of radiotherapy in the same chemotherapy, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and contains ulcers increases.
Operation of cervical cancer is the way physician will determine the stage of the method and requirements for the location of growth of cancer patients based on the type of surgery.:
surgical removal by endoscopy. This method is recommended for early stage cancer of the throat.
Laringektomi or surgical removal of part or all of the ballot boxes cancer. This process is performed to treat small tumors.
Faringektomi or the procedure for appointing the throat of some or all of the parts.
way to remove stains cancerous nodes in the neck. This is done when the cancer has spread widely in the neck. This procedure is also considered to use the spread of cancer cells to lymph nodes points.
Other measures, biological therapy used drugs. Cetuximab types of medicines are commonly used. This process is considered to prevent growth of cancer cells weakness.
Maximize the treatment of cancer of the throat, there are some simple steps you can do.Among who has quit smoking and stay away from alcohol.
In addition to the effectiveness of the treatment methods to reduce smoking and alcohol consumption can slow down the recovery of the body. This method can also be the person to improve the risk of other cancers.