Or a bacterial infection or a viral infection, both of which are caused by microbes. As its name implies, it is a bacterial infection caused by a bacterial infection and a viral infection is caused by a viral infection. Sometimes these infections signs similar to those affected by the infection, such as cough, fever, runny nose, diarrhea, swelling, vomiting and weakness. However, bacteria and viruses are two different microbes and treatment regimes for both types of infections is completely different.
What is the difference between bacteria and viruses?
Bacteria are microbes that family include prokaryotes. Bacteria have cell walls are thin, but strong, and the rubber membrane that protects the liquid inside the cell. Bacteria can multiply by cleavage. The results of the study indicated that the fossils of bacteria did not exist there 3.5 billion years. Bacteria can in a variety of environmental conditions, including extreme, such as the environment, very hot environments or cold and radioactive who live in the environmental conditions of the human body.
In fact, only less than 1% of the species of bacteria that can cause disease. Most beneficial bacteria actually, as it helps digest food, fight other microbes that cause disease, fight against cancer cells, and providing nutrients that are beneficial.
Those caused by bacterial infectious diseases, such as:
- sore throat
- urinary tract infection
- and other
Viruses are microbes that could not live without clinging to the host. The virus can not multiply when attached to other living beings. The size of the virus is much smaller than bacteria. Each virus has genetic material, DNA or RNA. In general, the virus is blocked in a cell and the cells to support other viruses which replicate until eventually cells die. Or in other cases, the virus changes normal cells into cells that are harmful to health.
Inversely proportional to bacteria, most viruses cause disease. The virus also known as “delicate”, also known as cells attack specific targets. For example, some cells attack of virus in the pancreas, respiratory system and the blood. In some cases, the virus attacks bacteria.
Diseases caused by viral infection, including:
- and other
The signs of a bacterial or viral infection
You need to consult a doctor for your illness, whether a bacterial infection or a viral infection. Usually the doctor will listen to the characters feel, you will see your health history, and check the physical signs.
These are the characters that often occur bacterial infections:
- runny nose
- Sometimes cough
- sore throat
- difficult breathing
These are the symptoms, which usually appear in the viral infection:
- runny nose
- Sometimes, nosebleeds
- sometimes fever
- Sore throat (but rarely)
Continuous signs of viral infection is usually short, but strong, whereas the signs of bacterial infection usually occurs 10 to 14 days continuously.
If necessary, ask the doctor usually mengonfimasi for a blood test or a urine test for the diagnosis or perform culture tests to identify the type of bacteria or viruses that infect.
The treatment of bacterial or viral infections
Antibiotics are often used to treat bacterial infections. The discovery of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections are one of the most significant discoveries in medical history. However, if you take antibiotics continuously, then the bacteria would “adapt” to antibiotics so that bacteria are resistant to antibiotics. In addition, antibiotics not only kill the bacteria that cause the disease, but also other bacteria that are good for the body. This will lead to a serious illness. Today, many organizations that prohibit the use of antibiotics, but not necessarily required.
However, antibiotics are not effective force to combat the virus. The treatment of the viral infection itself is difficult, mainly because the size is very small and the virus replicated in the cells. For some diseases, such as herpes, HIV / AIDS and flu, antiviral drugs for this disease. However, the use of anti-viral drugs are often associated with the development of microorganisms that are resistant to other treatments.
different story with protection against viruses. Since the beginning of the 20th century, has developed a vaccine against the fight against viral diseases. The use of the vaccine itself demonstrated by viral infections, greatly reduce diseases such as polio, measles, chicken pox and was caused. The vaccine may also help prevent diseases such as influenza, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, human papilloma virus (HPV), and so on.