What causes hunger?
Causes of hunger
In some countries, one in three children is underweight. Why do people die of hunger? What causes hunger?
Worldwide, there are many reasons for hunger and how often they are closely related. From the standpoint of nutrition experts following six causes they are of paramount importance:
When people live in poverty, which can often not nutritious food means ur f their families. So are oire h are physically weaker and less capable enough to go around, so that poverty and hunger, to escape money. When children are chronically malnourished, which may affect future results and sentence them to a life of poverty and hunger.In developing countries, small farmers often lack the money for seed, so that the food your family hatch w s ears can not develop. Also, are not always properly, they need tools and fertilizers for cultivation. Other no land, water or education. In short, many poor people are starving and hungry keeps them trapped in poverty.
Climate and weather
Natural disasters such as floods, tropical storms and long periods of drought have increasingly – with disastrous consequences for the poor and hungry people in developing countries. Then w iederkehrende 2011 drought led to crop failures in parts of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya and 2012 in the Sahel region of West Africa. Many farmers lost their herds, millions were at risk of starvation.In many countries, exacerbated the climate change that is already unfavorable weather conditions. Increasingly fertile agricultural land threatened by erosion, salinization and desertification. Deforestation by humans to accelerate the loss of farmland that could be used for growing food.
War and displacement
Worldwide, violent conflicts affect sustainable agriculture and food production, as trade routes for farmers in general ORT and died there too dangerous to cultivate their fields. The power struggles leave millions of people from their homes, the main cause of hunger because the displaced are not having the ability to feed themselves. The conflict in and around Syria is a recent example.
In recent years, food prices have been highly volatile. price fluctuations, it is very difficult for the poorest segments of the population, permanent access to nutritious food. price increases can make an invaluable temporarily balanced diet to get kids so most young permanent damage.
When prices rise, consumers often buy cheaper but also less nutritious, which increases the risk of micronutrient deficiencies and other forms of malnutrition.
The lack of investment in agriculture
In many developing countries, agricultural infrastructure, such as roads, warehouses and flooding systems is insufficient. This results in high transport costs, reliable water supply and lack of storage facilities harvest. The result is a shortage and access to food are bad.
Investments in improved land management, the use of water more efficient and resistant seeds can have a big effect: Studies for Food and United Nations Agriculture and FAO show ßnahmen five times more efficient to invest in agriculture to reduce poverty and hunger as Ma each other sector.
A third of all food produced worldwide (1.3 million tonnes) is not consumed. This waste is a missed opportunity to improve the food security of every ninth in a world of hunger.
For the production of these foods, valuable natural resources used: Each year, swallowing food, but not products can eat as much water as a year of the Volga flows from Russia. In addition, 3.3 million tonnes of GHGs are emitted from production to the atmosphere – with disastrous consequences for the environment and, ultimately, food production.