Understanding heart disease (cardiovascular), types and causes of heart disease risk factors.
Understanding Heart Disease / Cardiovascular
The use of long-term heart and cardiovascular disease often used as synonyms. As regards heart disease, fundamentally, it refers to the condition of the heart itself, such as infections and conditions that influence the rate of muscles and heart valves. During this term in the cardiovascular condition used, which can lead to cardiac arrest (heart attack), chest pain (angina) or a shot of narrowing or blockage of blood vessels, which in turn is connected.
Types of heart / Cardiology
Heart disease is classified as non-communicable diseases. The types of heart diseases, such as:
- Coronary heart disease: providing a disorder of the blood vessels of the heart muscle;
- cerebrovascular disease: providing a blood vessel disease in the brain;
- Peripheral arterial disease: a disease of the blood vessels supplying the hands and feet;
- rheumatic heart disease: the heart muscle and cardiac valve disease due to rheumatic fever, which is caused by streptococcus bacteria;
- congenital heart disease: abnormal heart structure at birth are available;
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a blood clot in the leg veins that can move the heart and lungs.
Cause Heart Disease / Cardiovascular
Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute and occurs mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood flow to the heart or brain. The most common cause is the accumulation of fatty deposits on the inner walls of blood vessels. stroke, it may be caused by bleeding in the brain, or the presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel.
Risk factors for heart disease / Cardiovascular
factors, the most important behavioral risk of heart disease and stroke are unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity (exercise), the use of tobacco and alcohol. behavioral risk factors for about 80% of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease responsible.
The effects of a poor diet and lack of physical activity can occur as a result of a person, increased blood pressure, blood glucose, increased blood lipids and obesity or overweight. It is a medium risk factor, and can be measured by a primary care center would indicate an increased risk of developing a heart attack, blow, heart failure and other complications.
The abandonment of snuff, reducing salt in the diet, eating fruits and vegetables, regular physical life and avoiding alcohol consumption has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease can reduce risk by preventing or reduced treatinghypertension disease.Cardiovascular, diabetes and blood lipids (high LDL cholesterol, low HDL klesterol).
A policy is to create an environment at a very affordable and very important to motivate people to adopt healthy behaviors and maintain the healthy choice. There are also a number of factors based or cause an increase in heart disease, such as changes in the social, economic and cultural – globalization, urbanization and population growth. Other factors are poverty, stress and heredity.