Overview of infertility
Infertility, also known as fertility disorders, fertility or infertility of the disorder is the inability to understand or receive a fetus. Are women can not deliver the children to call medical infertility. In Germany, up to 10 to 20 percent of women stay (depending on source) can have children. And the number is increasing. Responsible now always used for the production of experts contraception and desire to have children later. This is all the more difficult that fertility decreases with age. Infertility often responsible couples.
Sterility and infertility
Stay with a couple fertility and despite regular sex at least 12 months (some sources give a maximum of two years), doctors of pregnancy to talk about infertility (impotentia Randi gene). The cause may be the woman or man.
The concept of secondary infertility is used when after a first pregnancy fails multiple pregnancies.
a woman after a successful fertilization can, pregnancy, infertility, women should not be delivered (impotentia is andi death) are.
So a woman can get pregnant, two things are essential:
the production of mature eggs in females
a large and functional sperm account sufficiently in men.
Place about 40 percent of the cause of infertility in women or a man. 20 percent of the remaining cases are assigned both partners. In some cases, no medical cause can be identified.
The most common causes of infertility in men and women
In both sexes, external factors such as alcohol, snuff or drugs can affect fertility. Especially among young women is as strong obesity or poor or strict diet cause temporary sterility. General leaves fertility with age in men and women. In women, it is the decreasing age of 35 within 10 years almost to zero, the man, the residue is slowly but surely. The reason for the decline in fertility is associated weakening age of hormone production, which is essential for the function of eggs and sperm.
Hormonal causes of infertility in women
Infertility in women is often caused by hormonal imbalances. Often, primary and secondary ovarian failure (ovarian failure). In addition, it affects both a business and a healthy female gland overactive thyroid cycle. Even among young diabetics, it may be limited egg development. Rarely is a pathological overproduction of the hormone prolactin, which is produced by the pituitary gland, and to ensure that normally the flow of milk after birth, no pregnancy.
Other causes of infertility in women
In addition to various mechanical causes hormonal imbalances can prevent pregnancy. Savings are mainly due to ovarian dysfunction, disruption of traffic through the fallopian tubes and changes in cervical mucus. The reasons for this are the following:
Adhesions in the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tube is completely closed, sperm Road (sperm) until the locked egg. If the fallopian tubes narrowed only relatively small sperm to the egg before entering. Nests is an egg in the fallopian tube fertilizes an error, there is an ectopic pregnancy called.
Infections of the fallopian tubes (pelvic inflammatory disease)
abdominal pain (may adhesions and stenosis of the fallopian tubes)
(Benign) tumors in the uterus (myomas)
Endometriosis (a disease that forms in the lining of the uterus outside the institution)
Changes in cervical mucus (cervical mucus prevents eg sperm from entering the vagina into the uterus).
Hormonal causes of infertility in men
Although altered hormone for infertility is often responsible. They are produced by slow hormonal limitations or low sperm quality, for example. This is often caused by chromosomal abnormalities that affect the healthy production of male hormones.
Other causes in men
pathological changes in the testis or epididymis (z. B. When the testicles, which reduces after birth is higher than normal and time or scrotum)
Infectious diseases such as mumps (lata tissue testis, epididymis or damage the seminal ducts)
Varicoceles (spasmodic extension of testicular veins)
(Antibodies are formed against their own sperm) autoimmune diseases.
When the doctor
Otherwise, healthy couples in fertility specialist (gynecologist or urologist) should get the latest after two years -. Previous quiet with strong emotional stress There are a variety of ways, but to satisfy the desire to have children. Applying confidentially to a drug fertility specialist. Preliminary Information can enjoy infertility