Calf Health: Calf Diarrhea – causes, effects, prevention and treatment
Despite several veterinary electrolyte impregnation and commercially available, too many calves die from the effects of diarrhea. In this two part series, we take appropriate measures to assist in cases of diarrhea in calves measures. Because probably not the lack of medicines, but often simply because of the high mortality of calves mismanagement of induced diarrhea.
Diarrhoeal diseases remain the leading cause of death in calves. In addition to the economic damage of high loss of animals is also a significant image damage on farms. The causes of the emergence of diverse Kälberdiarrhoe. Both infectious causes such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi, as well as infectious diseases such as colostrum defects, composition or potions process causes play a role. In most cases, the interaction of several factors in the disease process is responsible.
With a higher incidence of diarrhea in the operation of veterinary bestandsbetreuende causes should be consulted to identify and remove as much as possible in all cases. For the most important rapid tests diarrheal pathogens (rotavirus, coronavirus, E. coli, Cryptosporidium), which are realized in the barn and can give immediate information on the infection process to stock availability.Newborn calf Diet has a significant impact on the incidence of diarrheal diseases. Factors that favor the views of animal nutrition, the development of diarrhea, are: (1), (2) insufficient use or too late colostrum replacement Veal (MAT) proteins foreign milk (soy ) and (3) a high sulfate content of MAT and (4) an error in the supply of technology and hygiene, such as excessively high or low temperature consumption, preparation abuse MAT by through large amounts of food, irregular eating times, insufficient nipple cleaning bucket and improper storage of TMA.
Damage calf intestinal epithelium lose large amounts of electrolytes and fluids covered patients in the faeces. This leads to dehydration of sick animals. The longer and the disease is more serious, more the pH decreases in blood. This is termed acidosis. A strong acidosis and dehydration calves can cause the animals drink more voluntarily and should be treated by a veterinarian continuous infusion. The aim of all measures to be applied to the calf diarrhea plants to prevent this terrible disease ,,.
Prevention of diarrhea
Apart from the grounds to arrest, vaccines and bottom hygiene after promising food prophylaxis (see Table 1 below.): (1) the Kolostrumfütterung extension to 14 days of age, and (2) yogurt management or milk Kaltsauer- potions at leisure, in both methods, the milk is disinfected by acidification and thus preserved. Auer cold potions is coagulated by organic acids. For milk yogurt drink is continuously inoculated with commercial yogurt. For more information, visit the website of the Bavarian State Office for Agriculture.
Treatment of diarrhea
In most cases, a causal therapy is not Kälberdiarrhoe fall for that sick animals are treated mainly symptomatic. The administration of electrolyte impregnation is also independent of drinking the drug of choice in calves. The loss of calves get sick infants were the only injection meloxicam be tested in a study likely to increase the appetite of sick animals. This ingredient has analgesic and anti-inflammatory, is approved for the treatment of calves with diarrhea. The drug can try to avoid infusion therapy. If this is not successful, there must be a reason for immediate welfare infusion therapy animal, will be introduced. The administration of antibiotics is not specified in diarrheic calves because most diseases are not only due to a bacterial cause. Antibiotics with the normal intestinal flora interfere, so that your application can also potentially aggravate diarrheal events.