The heart is one of the most important organs in the body. organ distribution and impacts of the big fist pump oxygen-rich blood to the body.
Coronary heart disease is also known as ischemic heart disease and is a leading cause of death in Indonesia. About 35 percent of Indonesia deaths are caused by heart disease. According to the World Federation of the heart, the rate of coronary heart disease in Southeast Asia’s death reached 1.8 million cases per year in 2014.
The causes of coronary heart disease
Someone knows coronary artery disease, when blood flow to the heart is blocked by grease. the accumulation of fat in the coronary arteries is known as atherosclerosis and is a major cause of coronary artery disease.
In addition to supplying blood to the heart to reduce atherosclerosis can also cause the formation of a thrombus or blood clots. If this is the case, the blood flow is completely blocked in the core, and a heart attack occurs. Triggers atherosclerosis are elevated cholesterol, smoking, diabetes and hypertension.
Types and symptoms of coronary artery disease
Coronary heart disease is divided into two types based on the classified level of inhibition of the blood circulation, namely angina pectoris (seated wind) and myocardial infarction.
untreated heart disease lead to fatal complications. If there is not too low enough to pump blood receiving blood supply, the heart’s ability is decline.This condition known as heart failure. These complications can occur suddenly or gradually.
Examination of coronary artery disease
In the first doctor’s diagnosis usually ask about symptoms, family history, and the pattern of his life. If you suspect a heart condition, your doctor may advise you to undergo several tests to confirm the diagnosis. For example, blood tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), coronary angiography, CT and MRI.
Step treatment for coronary artery disease
If you have heart disease, which has greatly change your lifestyle, it is recommended that you keep your diet, exercise regularly taking medicines regularly and as directed, and exit. Coronary heart disease is incurable, but can prevent spoilage. Doctors recommend measures to remedy this surgery disease, if necessary. The objective in the treatment of heart disease is to control the symptoms and reduce the risk of fatal attacks such as heart attacks.
Prevention of coronary heart disease
There are several preventive measures that are easy to avoid heart disease, namely:
The adoption of a healthy lifestyle, such as high cholesterol foods and exercise regularly to reduce life.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Reducing alcohol consumption.