The middle ear is the space behind the tympanic membrane and serves to its inside to be transmitted from the external ear. Otitis media can be acute or chronic.
Acute otitis media refers to fluid in the middle ear with signs and symptoms of infection, such as pain, fever, swollen eardrum and hearing loss.
The middle ear is connected to the back of the nose by a small Eustachian canal.The bacteria channel called the middle ear can penetrate through this channel, which usually driven from bacteria through the channel tube. Bacteria and viruses can infect the middle ear. Blocking channels (usually due to a cold / flu), or if the channels do not work well, can cause bacteria trapped in the middle ear, causing an ear infection. Children tend to suffer from acute otitis media, because of the anatomy and function of the ear and Eustachian canal.
Children are prone to ear infections because their smallest channel pipe and horizontally. They are more prone to ear infections at the age of 6-24 months. Children are also more susceptible to respiratory infections such as colds and flu, ear infection itself is not contagious, but viral upper respiratory tract that causes the infection can spread among children. Therefore, children who are in day care, more prone to ear infections. Children who use pacifiers are also at risk. Other risk factors include immune factors are not perfect and the factors that have blocked channels Eustaquio allergies, acid reflux or environmental influences can cause this type of tobacco smoke snuff.
- Young children tend to pull the ears when they get ear infections because of pain and fluid buildup in the ear.
- You can cry, cry or generally complicated.
- Children who are bigger, may complain of pain and hearing loss.
- They also tend to have fever.
The diagnosis of otitis media can be done on the basis of a history of symptoms and examine the ear with an otoscope. Eardrum turns red and swells in children with otitis media.
Most ear infections would be good for themselves, without antibiotics. elderly and healthy can be treated with painkillers and carefully monitored. Antibiotics are given if the symptoms are severe, does not improve, or worse. Antibiotics can also be given to children who were younger, or at risk of complications, to help infection treatment, reduce pain and prevent complications. is provided based on antibiotics, fever and pain should be improved or cured in 48 to 72 hours. The liquid that can damage the inner ear persist for weeks or months after the acute infection. It may be necessary to remove the liquid, if they can not get through itself.Antihistamines or are given medication to relieve nasal congestion to relieve symptoms of upper respiratory infections (colds, nasal congestion).
Complications such as mastoiditis, meningitis and brain abscess following a middle ear infection is now rare because of the use of antibiotics.
It is impossible to prevent middle ear infections in general. However, appropriate measures, such as:
At. Try to stop the use of pacifiers as this would cause the child prone to ear infections. Or children drink while lying down.
- frequent hand washing and cleaning of toys, because the viruses that cause infections of the upper respiratory tract (fl u / cold) can be transmitted by touch. C. Avoid may be with other children or adults in a small room, who are sick because of a respiratory infection also spread through the air. D.Breastfeeding is very useful to reduce the number of ear infections. Children should be breastfed during the first year. Although only a few weeks of breastfeeding can reduce the incidence of ear infections. E. His childhood immunization with the vaccine against pneumococcus and influenza because it can help prevent ear infections. F. treat allergies your child and avoid exposure to cigarette smoke. G. Make sure your child gets enough sleep and good nutrition.