Congenital heart disease can happen in a hundred births. P enyakit thishappened to detect structural abnormalities of the heart, sincethe baby still in the womb has emerged.
Congenital heart disease can with the heart’s ability to pump blood and oxygen affects the whole body. The cause is not known with certainty. However, there are a number of factors that increase the risk of inveterate heart disease.
Here are some risk factors for congenital heart disease in children.
In pregnant women drink alcohol or certain medicines.
In the first quarter of pregnant women exposed to viral infections such as rubella.
chromosome or gene abnormalities in children, such as Down syndrome.
Risk can be doubled if there is a history of this disease in the family.
congenital heart disease can be detected when the doctor listens to the heart sounds called heart murmur is abnormal. If these symptoms occur, parents should observe the baby more easily into other characters. Other symptoms are observed here.
difficulty breathing or rapid breathing.
the lips, tongue and nails (cyanosis).
Excessive sweating, especially when ingested.
difficulty eating or loss of appetite.
Weight loss is difficult or down.
If these symptoms in children are usually referred to a cardiologist. the doctor will usually have an echocardiogram or checks covering transeofageal echocardiography, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram (ECG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cardiac catheterization recommend next.
Types of congenital heart disease
Most types of congenital heart disease can be found in children from an early age that abnormalities in the blood vessels of the heart. The condition can be fatal and allow the development of heart failure. Indeed, the purified blood flows into the lungs must flow through the body. Instead of dirty blood must flow into the flow of the lungs throughout the body.
For proper treatment to identify, after a few common types of congenital heart disease.
ASD, which, so the blood can circulate a hole in the partition wall in the lungs between the right atrium and the left atrium of the heart.
Ventricular septal defects as the type of atrial septal. The difference is that there is a break in the wall between the left and right chambers of the heart. A small hole is engaged gradually. But not in the holes which are large.
Atrioventricular canal defect or defects in the atrioventricular canal usually occur in children with the syndrome own. Usually, there is a hole between the inlet or the end of the core, as well as the other holes of the camera or the heart. There is also a large valve, which can be as less perfect.
PFO can not be regarded as bad as the other. This normal type well between the fetal heart porch is removed. The hole is usually in the first months of a baby’s life is closed. However, the holes are not completely closed not normally cause problems in some people.
The hypoplastic left heart syndrome is usually detected when the baby suffered critical condition early in life. The syndrome is caused by the left side of the defective heart development and is not sufficient to pump capable of blood through the body.
Channel persistence Ateriosus often afflict premature babies is a condition in which blood flows too in the baby’s lungs. This happens because the channel does not close after birth.
Ateriosus conducted in a normal blood vessel, the aorta (main artery) and the pulmonary artery is connected. The channels are open, when the fetus is still in the uterus and gets oxygen from the mother. At birth, and he was able to breathe by himself, if the clean and dirty channel To prevent the blood comprises mixing the blood.
Fallot often causes symptoms such as bluish color child.Tetralogy a combination of the four medical conditions of the heart, respectively. Tetralogy is a ventricular septal defect, thickening of the right ventricle of the heart, lung arteries narrowing entrance and the condition in which the aorta, which receives blood from the blood from the left atrium to distribute instead of law and the left heart.
pulmonary venous anomalous total connection can also cause symptoms bluish.Other baby symptoms of respiratory distress. This is due to undergo abnormal or different pulmonary vein normal conditions.
Normally, the pulmonary veins are responsible for providing clean blood from the lungs to the left atrium. However, in abnormal conditions, pulmonary venous vessels to the heart through other channels of supply can be reduced. Therefore, the absence of blood own body.
The TGA is the position of the aorta and pulmonary artery to confuse. The aorta receives impure blood and passes the artery body.Pulmonary purify the blood and receives. Again in the lungs
Under normal conditions, the aorta through the body to cleanse the blood supply, and the pulmonary artery receives blood is dirty and accompanying blood vessels to lungs.Because task reversals, the oxygen content is very low in blood, so that the baby is very blue. This condition requires immediate medical attention after birth.
Prevent congenital heart defects
The key to preventing this disease is in baby care, prenatal care since I was in the womb or called. Here are some steps prenatal care for pregnant women are done.
A blood test early in pregnancy to determine if the mother has immunity against rubella. If it is known that pregnant women have rubella is not safe, the possibility of exposure and vaccination against rubella should be required to avoid after birth.
Avoid using illegal drugs or alcohol during pregnancy.
with your doctor before taking any medicine.
Pregnant women with diabetes should try to control the sugar level in the blood to keep it steady.
Experience in pregnant women aged 35 years and high risk pregnancies due to diseases such as hypertension or diabetes, should be done on a test obstetrician.
If you find symptoms of congenital heart disease in the baby, do not hesitate to consult a doctor immediately. The earlier a child has the opportunity to be saved, help the better. In addition, children should be reviewed regularly cardiologists with congenital heart disease, even after he grew up, if they have symptoms.