Sarcomas are rare subtypes of tumors but aggressive primitive network, known as the mesoderm arise and therefore various tissues and organs in the body in a variety of age groups, can affect older children. usually bone sarcomas and soft tissue body parts are formed which extend in sarcomas of the soft tissues and bones. We found that more than 30 different subtypes of sarcomas.
How many times sarcomas?
This is a relatively rare cancer, comprising 1% of all malignant tumors. The National Cancer Centre of over 200 cases of sarcoma diagnosed every year.
The attacks of age
Different subtypes of sarcomas affect patients of different age groups; there are no more frequently exposed age group to all subtypes of sarcomas.
Risks and Causes
For most patients, it was not identified risk factors. Patient during the enlargement of the nerve sheath become an increased risk of genetic diseases such as neurofibromatosis, which have a certain extension of a benign tumor in the nerve sheath cancer.
Patients with prior radiotherapy were exposed to slightly more common sarcoma in previously irradiated areas. It may take about 10 years are presented.
Symptoms and signs sarcoma Many patients see a doctor because of a tumor or mass in the arms, legs or hands. Surveys can be painful or painless. The sarcoma is diagnosed when a biopsy (removal of part of the network) bumps on the hands, feet or arms under a microscope by a pathologist (a doctor who specializes in the study of the tissue under a microscope). Bone cancer usually occurs in the shoulder and knee compared to other regions of the body.
Since cancer can weight loss, appetite loss or prolonged fever. Other symptoms on sarcomas location depends on how saturation, indigestion and abdominal pain occurs when the gastric sarcoma and uterine sarcoma vaginal bleeding, should it occur.
Diagnostic Tests Most sarcomas diagnosed when biopsy (removal of part of the network) packages in hands, feet or arms under a microscope by a pathologist (a doctor who specializes in the study of the tissue under a microscope) .
Once sarcoma is diagnosed, to describe other tests such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a number of diseases usually do.
Treatment of Kaposi Patients with local sarcomas in the organ of origin perform surgical removal of the tumor and surrounding normal tissue edge, if possible. necessary in some sites of radiotherapy patients additional cancer after surgery to prevent recurrence of cancer in the same location.This is especially if the cancer was large, if they have grown up. In some additional chemotherapy sarcoma of specific subtypes is required after curative surgery.
Radiotherapy in the arms and legs, which in the area irradiated with redness and hair loss in area.Radiotherapy of the head and neck is associated with a temporary redness of the skin, loss of appetite, loss of saliva, and dry mouth. Radiation therapy to the abdomen with transient nausea and vomiting, anorexia, abdominal pain and sometimes connected.
In patients with chemotherapy of advanced sarcoma in cancer and the treatment of symptoms associated with cancer may slow. Side effects of chemotherapy are temporary or total loss of hair, nausea and vomiting, tinnitus, numbness of fingers and feet, and loss of appetite. organ dysfunction (including liver, kidney and gastrointestinal tract) and severe infection as a result of the suppression of bone marrow more severe side effects.
A specific subtypes sarcomas known gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), is usually the result of network the stomach or the small intestine. This disease can be treated with oral medications known as Imatinib, a relatively new drug which causes the mutant protein specifically target cancer, like chemotherapy, in contrast, which affects the normal and cancer cells. Imatinib is used, localized after curative surgical resection of GIST and advanced GIST.
Generally, the treatment of sarcomas and multidisciplinary involving doctors from various departments. Treatment decisions are usually made after a discussion between all the teams in multidisciplinary tumor committee meeting in question.
The prognosis for sarcoma Main factors for prognosis sarcoma include the patient’s functional status, Sarcoma subtype, and stage of disease at diagnosis. This will be discussed individually for each patient during their clinical practice. In general, patients initially, with the smallest sarcoma, has a more favorable than those that come with the prognosis of advanced disease.
Frequently Asked Questions
My nephew is 12 years old and have a painful lump on the shoulder. What happened after fall.We Chinese doctors have seen, but no improvement. What should we do?
I had to seek medical help. The physical examination by a physician and seeking an investigation (X-ray or scan, if necessary) can be done depends on the bump considering the medical examiner to judge.