What is a stroke?
Stroke (stroke, close up. AVC) is suddenly occurs to brain dysfunction event. Causes 80 percent hypoperfusion of the brain (cerebral embolism, cerebral infarction) and 20 percent from a brain haemorrhage. Power is turned off or limited oxygen and nutrients. The cells are in the affected brain regions. Stroke cause about 70 percent of those affected and indirect damage after cardiovascular diseases and malignancies, the third most common cause. There are often language disorders, paralysis, unilateral movement disorders, depressive disorders and memory disorders.
The most common causes of strokes are cerebral infarction, stroke or cerebral hemorrhage. When cerebral infarction or narrowing passes near the blood vessels of the brain or brain vessels, for example by atherosclerosis. Sometimes clogged by a blood clot dam (stroke). sudden snap of a blood vessel in the brain, causing a stroke.
Rarer causes are congenital vascular malformations or brain vessels that have been damaged by the infection. Risk factors include hypertension, especially hypertension, diabetes, high blood lipids, smoking, obesity and lack of exercise. These factors promote atherosclerosis, the blood vessels on annual damage by fatty deposits and calcium. By the way, it not only affects the elderly. Even teenagers and children can have a stroke. Prevention can be achieved through a healthy lifestyle, which dispenses diet high in fats and smoking and includes movement.
When is the doctor?
Prevention Active mobile life with regular aerobic exercise helps prevent stroke. prevention courses can help orient new physiotherapy training in particular. These courses serve the physical activation or relaxation. Regular exercise! Ask your physiotherapist for suitable courses available!
Physiotherapy can make a significant contribution to the treatment, if after a stroke, the movement system is affected or where there was paralysis. physiotherapy treatment begins very quickly after a stroke, so that they are already in the hospital. Treatment is continued rehabilitation (neurological) and physiotherapists in private practice. Many physiotherapists are trained mainly by special training in the treatment of neurological patients. They work with the latest treatment concepts, such as therapy or the forced use therapy treadmill after a stroke in treatment have good results.
Opportunities for those affected
Physical therapy after stroke is a normal provision of compulsory health insurance for outpatient care. Physiotherapists treated according to the prescription of a doctor. The first scheme up to 10 processing units was presented, while the long-term needs for the treatment of patients after the age of 18 to 30 units, in patients aged 18 to 50 units.
What the patient waits for physiotherapy
At a stroke, the following general remedies apply:
Physiotherapy treatment objectives
In movement disorders, with or without paralysis: promote and improve motor skills
Promote and develop coordination, balance and movement of coarse and fine motor skills
Promote and improve stamina, strength and endurance
Practice and use to automate the movement and mobility to facilitate the design of everyday life to ensure and improve the quality of life
In a spastic dysfunction: regulation of muscle tension and prevent reinforcements