What is gastrointestinal stromal tumor, what are the symptoms and what is the best treatment for this disease?
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The stroma gastrointestinal tract are a form of cancer known by the acronym GIST (gastrointestinal stromal tumors). It is a disease that can affect all of the gastrointestinal tract organs, esophagus to the rectum and usually occurs in people aged 55-70 years. Rarely, patients under 40 years or be involved in children. There was a low prevalence of the disease in humans.
In general, rare cancers GIST tumors in mind that, to be exact, occur in the interstitial cells of Cajal, or cells of the gastrointestinal tract, regulating the physiological contraction movement of the digestive tract are drawn.
Symptoms of stromal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract can be in the early stages of the disease zero. Later, the patient will notice the mouth or anus, bleeding, abdominal pain, the presence of a mass in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, early satiety, appetite and causes weight loss excessive.
The diagnosis of GIST is. By performing tests such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography (PET emission), endoscopy and barium x-rays Having identified the potentially suspicious area come with a biopsy of a small part of the fabric used to analyze. So once diagnosed with the disease, which is to select the most appropriate treatment, which vary depending on the tumor size and the place where it is located.
However, the treatment of choice is surgery, through which it will be possible to remove the tumor mass completely.
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