Congenital is a congenital disease that, if the growth of the structure occurs in children, which appears in the bud design baby early in life. Congenital usually triggers the death and sudden miscarriage after birth. Babies born with congenital anomalies or strong enough to usually have a low body weight. In addition, the baby will not last long, then it is dead in most cases, children in the first week after birth.
Congenital malformations in newborns can be caused by many factors, both genetic and non-genetic. Although the causes of congenital newborn is difficult to detect, but it is believed that several factors to cause disease.
Some causes of congenital newborns
- Genetic or chromosomal
Genetic factors are suspected of factors that lead to birth defects in newborns. Basically, a congenital disease newly inherited from parents through genes that are abnormal. If there is an abnormal gene on chromosome, leading to birth defects.
Pregnant women, the lack of nutrition during pregnancy are at risk of having children with birth defects very. A nutrient that plays an important role during pregnancy is folic acid. Therefore, it is important for pregnant women to pay attention to the integrity of the diet during pregnancy consume by eating a healthy and nutritious food.
- Condition of the uterus
As we know that, when immersed in the baby’s stomach through the amniotic fluid. The fluid is used to protect against external shocks. However, if the liquid is abnormal or excessive, it causes birth defects (birth) in infants. Furthermore, conditions have caused some babies experience amniotic fluid different diseases of internal organs such as the kidneys and lungs.
Birth defects may also unhealthy lifestyles, such as smoking, drug use and alcohol. The content of harmful substances in cigarettes may inhibit the development of the baby. Cigarette smoke is very dangerous for the fetus because it can cause abnormalities in the baby’s brain and cardiovascular system. Therefore, pregnant women should avoid cigarette smoke exposure and alcohol during pregnancy.
- Pregnant women who suffer from certain diseases
Other causes of infant mortality are congenital presence of certain diseases during pregnancy. Pregnant women with a history of diseases like diabetes have a higher risk of having a baby with abnormal Conditions .Babies (defective) born growth disorders and the lack of being, which is to genetic, so that the chances of survival is very low.
To maintain health during pregnancy is one of the most important things that must be done for every woman. The health of pregnant women affects fetal development in the womb. to maintain health during pregnancy is not difficult, the. eating nutritious food, motherhood and exercise away the rights of a dangerous pregnancy