Following the personality theory developed by Carl Rogers, each person is born with the ability to fully develop, fulfill their “tendency discounting” developed an incentive system in order to realize their full potential. However, this possibility has been fully and harmoniously if parents, healthy and consistent, are affectionate and able to unconditionally accept the child and their basic needs done.
Rather, the elements are not (for various challenges) accepted or rejected by a significant number not included in the concept of self in training, which are incompatible with respect for the true nature of the person. Under these conditions, all experiences are represented, and in some cases will be distorted symbolized so as not to interfere with the concept of the ego, which was formed together. Negated needs, compensation, distortion – the subject is in place to survive – can be the root of various forms of mental suffering as a result.
Therefore, we can assume an intergenerational transfer of incongruity (and pathology); inconsistency of the mother, the deformation of the child’s self-concept and this distortion, due to the need for consistency of beings (1956 Lecky Rogers, Kinget, 1965), tends to perpetuate itself. This hypothesis of the inheritance of the disease has similarities with the theoretical hypothesis proposed (Maura Anfossi, transmission of attachment: this psychic heritage, ACP Journal Rogerian Studies, 1999).
“The forms and processes of psychic reality of a subject attempting to conciliate in its unity with the forms and processes of psychic reality which, according to the theory of John Bolby developed links (René KAES, the question of inheritance 1993) form., Every child in the early years of a strategy to reach the caregiver (the figure of the primary caregiver, usually the mother) is building, the strategy is the result of the quality of relationship with supervisor.
Achieving adequate parenting requires the ability of various types, including sensitivity mainly responds to the child’s signals and adequate capacity to the different needs of different stages of development (reactivity characterize sensitive); the ability to interfere manage social interactions, difficult situations and life events; Learn how to play with your child and use it to get the rules, to support the implementation of the desired behavior by the child in a way that is balanced and fair, speakers increase their self (Rutter, 1989) .
Children who experienced consistent parental custody, reliable and sensitive, which are a type of attachment “safe” and the corresponding “internal safe working model” (ie an internal working model of the important mental representation for interaction between children and adults related to the development, which tends to be stable) over time. This relational configuration (a sensitive caregiver, caring, trustworthy and a self that is worthy of love and attention) will allow you to experience security, often unconsciously, that their problems all the time, and everywhere, you always faithful men who help (Bowlby, 1979).
Children, on the other hand, connotes have reports can not be achieved without interruption or provide these figures able to care and protection, was a system of “dangerous”, while the daily interaction with a supervisor or mental develop physical / authors difficult or incomprehensible or frightening / scary or author, it probably is “disoriented / disorganized” achieve packaging.
Are the devastating effects of the lack of basic services known in the induction and maintenance of “cycles of disadvantage” (children are raised or broken in the unfortunate family relationship rather unfortunate to repeat the experiments that teen pregnancy, unsatisfactory marriage, divorce) or abuse “” cycles “. Several studies show that child abuse is transmitted through the generations, that violence is about a third of the victims of one of the child’s parents is not enough and often violent (Oliver, 1993). He was also a physical link between a history of abuse of children and the development of a personality disorder in adolescence or adulthood.
Since children tend to unconsciously identify with their parents to the different aspects and, therefore, if parents should take their children to the same behavior patterns they have learned in their childhood, Bolby results following models of interaction both adaptive and maladaptive are more or less faithfully transferred more or less implicitly, the. from one generation to another
“The legacy of mental illness and mental health of the family of micro-culture is certainly no less important than the inheritance of genes, and indeed, it may be more important. So the causes of chronic poverty that causes mental study for the study of diseases with some negative patterns and self-sustaining micro family face – is reasonable to believe – a common cause of these conditions “(Bolby 1973) are.
As the negative circuit stop? In his work on cognitive control and the relationship between the single and multiple attachment models, Mary Main (1991) proposed a secure attachment transmission model goes beyond the sensitivity of the simple observation of parents, which indicates the importance of breast reflexivity (ie, the ability to themselves and others in relation to the understanding of mental states: thoughts, feelings, desires, beliefs, to give each other a sense of shares learn and anticipate).
And he had experienced major source of development of the theory of attachment, Peter Fonagy leading research group in a sample of mothers, the difficulties and stress in the family and children at risk of a negative outcome, including possibility of marriage insecure children. The results imply that the repetition of the first generations of negative experiences can be eliminated, and the disruption of the disadvantage cycle when parents acquires the ability to show the spiritual and reflect satisfactory experience (Fonagy et al., 1994).
“If a company really wants to help children in need – John Bowlby wrote – must find a way to help their parents and the importance of attachment theory is that the consistency of the scientific study of the relationship was that children and their parents (or the most important people who care for them) status in the early stages of development “(Bowlby, 1958, 1969).