This has been explained very clearly to the World Health Organization, which presented an action plan for implementation in 2020 the effective prevention policy aims. In the world of people with mental disorders more than $ 450 million to develop as a result of these diseases, other diseases are also more likely and mortality that time is the average of the population in terms of 2-3 . estimated in 2010 at $ 2.5 billion is expected in 2030 and the cumulative impact of global exponentially mental disorders: A real quiet drama that also causes high costs for governments that support very high costs to meet the disease increase mental reference economic performance. Although these countries devote middle income less than 2% of its budget for the treatment and prevention of mental illness, while the highest incomes invest in prevention, not more than 5% of their income.
But what can be done to effectively prevent psychological problems? Always been convinced that there is no effective interventions to prevent mental disorders, while more recent studies (published in PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL and ERIC, in 2004-2014 decade) have shown that you can implement measures to ensure the effectiveness of protective factors, namely the ability of individuals to anchor to cope with stress, their thresholds to increase resilience, ie resistance and positive adaptation to situations criticism. In fact, particularly as regards the promotion of mental health, these studies indicate that the reduction of risk factors and prevention (or rooting preventive factors) to reduce the risk of developing mental disorders so meaningful to individuals. search results on interventions for children and youth, families, seniors, employment and population groups and indigenous and / or marginalized communities.
Children and youth prevention efforts to support and develop creativity, play and important to reduce anxiety and increase physical activity self vehicle. In studies to assess the general good, to measure the results of the capacity of interaction (social skills), cognitive skills (problem solving), emotional maturity (strategies and resilience), perception of themselves (self-esteem, confidence), the behavior of the performance and academic risk (eg, alcohol or drugs). The central question, then, teaching strategies, support for families and parents to prevent depression, anger and aggression in children, improved social skills, communication and problem solving by strengthening capacity and well-being of parents and / or the quality of relations between parents and children.
the promotion of mental health policies in the workplace, aimed at fighting against the effects of stress and therefore reduce depression and burnout, increase job satisfaction and employee productivity. What can you do with cognitive therapy – behavior, promoting the activity or relaxation physical exercises to reduce stress, but also courses for the acquisition of skills intended to help employees strengthen its position in or progress.
The pillar same interventions for the elderly, which are aligned to avoid depression by practicing physical activity, cognitive – behavioral therapy, educational approaches, and “memory”, a type of narration, where they say the past personal experiences. The experiences analyzed to assess the health effects (symptoms, such as depression, functional capacity), the social consequences (eg, anger, fear and group participation), satisfaction of life and consciousness of himself.
In short, we must recognize that mental health is an essential element of comprehensive health concept: not only supports health welfare physical and physiological, but also promotes social participation, economic prosperity and quality of life community life to which each individual belongs. However, it is important to recognize and realize that the promotion of mental health is not only to treat an existing condition, there must be a lot of prevention through power politics to the problems of poverty, exclusion social inequalities and major primary risk factors for all.