Hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic disease in which increased blood pressure in the artery wall (vascular net). This condition is known as a “silent killer” because it rarely has obvious symptoms. The only way to know if hypertension is to measure blood pressure.
If you have not reviewed and does not know your blood pressure, ask your doctor to check. All adults should have their blood pressure at least once every five years.
The Alodokter hypertension
Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2013 showed that people with high blood pressure at 18 years was 25.8 percent of the total population of Indonesia. Of these, more patients hipretensi 6 percent of women than men. While the health of the diagnosed workers represent about 9.4 percent. This means there is still a lot of people with hypertension are not affordable and diagnosed by health professionals and are not subject to treatment as recommended by doctors. This causes high blood pressure as one of the leading causes of death in Indonesia.
Suffering from hypertension risk
The cause of high blood pressure can be found in over 90 percent of cases. With age, the chances of suffering from hypertension also increased. Here are the triggers would influence an increased risk of hypertension.
65 years later.
Eating a lot of salt.
With a family with hypertension.
Eat less fruit and vegetables.
Excessive consumption of coffee (or other beverages containing caffeine).
consume too much alcohol.
The risk of hypertension above and may apply a healthy lifestyle can be reduced by changing things. the normal control of blood pressure may also help diagnose at an early stage. The diagnosis of hypertension as early as possible to increase the chances of reducing blood pressure to normal levels. This can be achieved by changing to a healthier lifestyle, without having to take medication.
The measurement of blood pressure
the force of the blood pressure in the arteries when the heart pumps around the body, determines the size of the blood pressure. The pressure is too high will weigh on arteries and the heart, so that people with high blood pressure can have a heart attack disease, stroke or kidney.
Measuring blood pressure in a dose millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and two numbers, systolic pressure and diastolic pressure is recorded. Systolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart struggles to pump blood. During the diastolic blood pressure is the pressure when the heart does not contract (resting phase). Currently, only blood from the heart (systolic pressure) is pumped, is in the arteries and the diastolic blood pressure also shows the thickness of the walls of the arteries resist the blood flow velocity.
Your blood pressure is 130 mmHg to 130/90 or 90, then you have a systolic pressure of 130 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg. normal numbers of blood pressure below 120/80 mmHg.
You will be deemed to have hypertension or high blood pressure, if the results of several studies support that reaches 140/90 mmHg or lower your blood pressure.
The prevention and treatment of hypertension
If your blood pressure is high, monitor until it works, and can be controlled properly. Doctors often recommend lifestyle changes that are included in the treatment of hypertension and prevention. The movement can be implemented by:
Eat healthy foods.
Reduce consumption of salt and caffeine.
Losing weight if necessary.
Reducing alcohol consumption.
Prevent hypertension is easier and cheaper than treatment. Therefore, prevention must be done as soon as possible. If left in place too long, hypertension can lead to complications that can even be life-threatening infection.