What respiratory acidosis?
Called respiratory acidosis and respiratory failure or respiratory failure, is a condition that occurs when the lung is not produced by the body to remove enough carbon dioxide (CO2). Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other body fluids to decrease, so that makes sour. Indeed, the body must compensate ions to control pH. Respiratory acidosis is caused by an underlying disease or condition.
Normally, the lungs absorb oxygen and exhale CO2. The oxygen from the lungs into the blood. CO2 enters the bloodstream to the lungs. But sometimes, the lungs can not remove enough CO2. This can lead to a decrease in respiratory rate or decrease the air moving through due to an underlying disease such as asthma, COPD, pneumonia, or sleep apnea. This can cause respiratory acidosis.
Forms of respiratory acidosis
There are two forms of acute or chronic respiratory acidosis.
Acute respiratory acidosis occurs quickly. This is a medical emergency. Without treatment, symptoms worsen gradually. It can be life threatening.Chronic respiratory acidosis develops over time. Causes no symptoms. Instead, the body adapts to the increased acidity. For example, the kidneys produce to help keep the balance more bicarbonate.Chronic respiratory acidosis can not cause symptoms. It can also cause acute respiratory acidosis people with chronic respiratory acidosis, but if another disease that causes the condition worse. If you have a cause of respiratory acidosis (defined below) and one of the symptoms of acute respiratory acidosis can occur, it is important to consult a doctor immediately. If you have a cause of respiratory acidosis, you should consult your doctor for treatment. The underlying cause can be serious. Your doctor may want to perform tests to monitor your condition well.The chronic form of respiratory acidosis caused no rules no symptoms. The signs are subtle and nonspecific and may include.The lungs and kidneys are the main organs that regulate help your blood pH. Ras lungs acid expiratory CO2 and kidneys excrete acid through urine. The kidneys also his blood concentration of bicarbonate (a base) to regulate.
Acidosis occurs when the blood pH falls below 7.35 (normal blood pH 7.35-7.45). Respiratory acidosis is usually caused by a pulmonary disease or condition that affects breathing or the lungs of those affected the possibility of eliminating the normal CO2. Some of the common causes of chronic form are:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Acute pulmonary edema
Severe obesity (which can interfere with lung expansion)
Neuromuscular disorders (such as different sclerosis or muscular dystrophy)
Some of the acute form of the common causes are:
lung disease (COPD, emphysema, asthma, pneumonia)
Conditions affecting the respiratory rate
Muscle weakness that affects a breath or take a deep breath for
Airway obstruction (choking or other causes)
Overdose of sedatives
How diagnostic respiratory acidosis?
The purpose of the tests for the diagnosis of respiratory acidosis is to look at all pH imbalance, to determine the severity of the imbalance, and to determine the condition as the cause of the imbalance. Several tools can help doctors diagnose respiratory acidosis.
Measurement of blood gases
Blood gas is a series of tests used to weight oxygen and CO2 in the blood. A doctor will take a blood sample from the artery. High concentrations of CO2 may indicate acidosis.
Electrolyte test is a group of tests to determine the quantity of Na + (sodium), K + (potassium), Cl (chloride) and bicarbonate. One or more electrolytes in individuals suffering from the acid-base balance disorders are as increases or decreases respiratory acidosis.
Many people with this disease have a reduced lung function.
X-rays, doctors are likely to cause injury or other problems using acidosis.
Based on these tests, the doctor may perform other tests to diagnose the underlying disease that causes acidosis. These add tests to measure glucose, lactate, and ketones. Other tests include drug testing, a complete blood count (CBC) and urinalysis (urine).
Treatment of respiratory acidosis
Treatment is usually acute acidosis addresses the underlying cause. For example, the respiratory tract is to be erased. This should be done as soon as possible. artificial respiration may be necessary.
The chronic form of the disease, treatment focuses on central underlying conditions. The aim is to improve lung function. Some strategies are:
(To treat infections) antibiotics
Diuretics (to reduce pressure on the heart and lungs)
Bronchodilators (dilate the airways)
(To reduce inflammation) corticosteroids
mechanical ventilation (in severe cases)
What is the typical perspective for someone with respiratory acidosis?
Respiratory acidosis has many causes, so it is difficult to generalize about a long-term perspective. Their prognosis depends largely on what is causing your illness and your doctor should be able to give you an idea of what to expect.The acute form of respiratory acidosis can be fatal. Ensure emergency to seek medical help if you experience a sudden difficulty breathing or if your airway is blocked. This is especially important if you have a chronic respiratory acidosis or one of the underlying lung disease.
Ways to reduce the risk of respiratory acidosis
The best way to prevent acidosis is to avoid the causes of the disease.
Choose to live, you can help a life without tobacco. Smokers have a higher risk of developing chronic respiratory acidosis. Smoking is bad for the lungs. the risk of respiratory diseases is increased and can have a negative impact on the overall quality of life.
A healthy body weight can reduce the risk of this disease.
Be careful if you are taking sedatives. They may interfere with your ability to breathe. Sedatives suppress the central nervous system. Always read and follow label directions. Companies recommended. Mixing sedatives with alcohol can be fatal.